how to grow watercress

Every 2 or 3 days, empty out the water from your “pond” and add fresh water. It is ideal to plant it in clayey and humus-rich soils. Sowing Watercress. Popular varieties of watercress include English Watercress and Broad Leaf Cress. Watercress varieties abound, but the most common home grown variety is Nasturtium officinale. ", which detailed instructions step-by-step. Make sure the tray never dies out. If you’ve created a growing site, water the area every two to three days to ensure it remains thoroughly soaked or install a water pump to keep fresh water circulating through the bog. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. The fact is that the plant is very adaptable and watercress cultivation can be attained in a number of different ways at home. Prior to planting, choose a sunny location and amend the garden soil with 4-6 inches (10-15 cm.) Wash the cuttings thoroughly and store in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for as long as a week. furrow, line it with 4-6 mil polyethylene and then fill with 2 inches (5 cm.) Watercress prefers sun in the North, dappled shade in the South. If you do happen to have a fresh, moving water source in your yard, you can grow watercress in the same manner it grows … of composted soil or peat moss. The warnings about what not to do, such as the use. Photo by Stefan.lefnaer [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Of course, if you have a running stream on your property, watercress cultivation is about as simple as it gets. You may also grow container watercress herbs in a bucket with 2 to 3 inches (5-7.5 cm.) Thanks so much! Watercress varieties abound, but the most common home grown variety is Nasturtium officinale. Those are new roots to allow that stem to grow as a new plant if they ever touch the soil. A complete soluble fertilizer applied at the recommended rate should mitigate any of these issues. References Just set them on the surface. It is an aquatic type plant and is related to the Nasturtium family. Avoid taking more than a third of any plant when cutting to allow the plants enough foliage to continue growing. IN THE KITCHEN. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Mixing charcoal with the compost will also help to keep things fresh. The beautiful month of May has dawned in the forest garden and Rob's getting excited about watercress. If you let the water sit for too long, it will stagnate and your plants will be stunted or even die. Seeds can be ordered online or from gardening supply stores and nurseries. In the garden, keep the area around the plants free from weeds and mulch to aid in water retention. "I want to grow watercress at home, using cuttings from old stems with young roots. I bought a 5-inch pot from a supermarket. Also be aware that supermarket plants are often meant to be eaten, not continuously grown and are hyped up on fertilizers, so you'll need to ensure that the new potting soil has plenty of fertilizer. Spider mites cause leaf discoloration and general deterioration of the plant. Plantings of watercress are either direct-seeded or established in seedbeds in nurseries and then transplanted to main growing area. If you have a water feature in your landscape, this is a great place to cultivate watercress, but don’t despair if not. Plants grow partially submerged. Once the plant blossoms, the flavor is compromised. This plant germinates best in cool conditions (50-60 degrees F. or 10-15 C.) but not frigid. However, as the plants can be delicate, they may prove difficult to transplant. If you are a salad lover, as I am, it is more than likely that you are familiar with watercress. Fill the container (s) with pre-moistened growing media of your choice. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Commonly found growing in shallow streams and along the edges of water, Watercress is nutrient-dense relative of nasturtiums. It needs to be kept moist all year round, so grows well in damp or wet soil or a container that sits in a deep saucer filled with water. To ensure the watercress continues to grow, keep the bucket in a climate-controlled area with plenty of sunlight. Can I put my watercress plant in my fishpond? You can keep the containers indoors or when the weather is regularly between 55˚F and 75˚F (13˚ and 24˚C) where you live, you can place the container outside during warmer months. Watercress is a large, leafy herb that's delicious in salads, soups, sandwiches and as a garnish – and it's so simple to grow in your garden or on the windowsill with a little know-how.. What are the benefits of eating watercress? Choose a sunny spot and amend the soil with 4-6 inches of composted organic matter or a good quality potting mix. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Add watercress plant to the center of the foam so that it fits well inside & put pot in water which will float on water surface. You can grow watercress from seed or from root division. You can grow watercress from transplants, seeds, or cuttings. unlocking this expert answer. Watercress can be grown from seed, transplants or cuttings. Sow three weeks before the frost-free date for your area. Gardeners looking to add a little flavor to their garden can easily grow watercress by simulating the moist conditions of its natural habitat. of composted organic matter down to a depth of 6-8 inches (15-20 cm. Watercress also has many health benefits accredited to it, but I grow it for its superb flavour. Prior to planting, choose a sunny location and amend the garden soil with 4-6 inches (10-15 cm.) ", harvesting right away! The key is to keep the roots submerged under water. % of people told us that this article helped them. How to grow watercress in containers: If you are limited on space you can in fact plant watercress in containers. ). As watercress grow, it get a thick stem so do not make a very small hole in foam. Watercress (Nasturtium officinale) is a wonderfully tasty crop, hot and peppery, and very easy to grow at home. 1. The directions are very clear, and the illustrations are perfect. ", Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, http://foodfacts.mercola.com/watercress.html, http://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/heirloom-watercress-varieties-zewz1310zpit.aspx, http://www.thegardensuperstore.co.uk/acatalog/How-to-Grow-Watercress.html, http://homeguides.sfgate.com/grow-watercress-planter-68400.html, http://www.gardeningblog.net/how-to-grow/watercress/, https://extension.usu.edu/files/publications/publication/HG_Garden_2008-03pr.pdf, http://www.diynetwork.com/how-to/how-to-grow-watercress/index.html, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. How long does Watercress take to produce seed? of water so the roots stay submerged. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. 123RF. Tip upside down gently, letting the plant drop head first into the palm of your hand, then gently tip into the new, larger container. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. You can also start the watercress indoors using the method above or transplant mature plants. A submerged, wet growing area is all that's needed to grow a small amount of watercress. Love the stuff, thanks. The ideal pH of the potting mix should be 6.5 and 7.5. The seeds should be placed at approximately half an inch of sowing depth (1- … Sign up for our newsletter. Remove snails and slugs by hand if they appear. ", "Good instructions and explanatory pictures.". Now I will be able to grow at home. Thanks. This article received 15 testimonials and 97% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Also you can purchase a cutting from a nursery. Sprinkle the watercress seeds on top of the soil Press them gently on top of the soil but not too deeply. ", "Excellent information, as some plants prefer indirect sunlight! Support wikiHow by However you may not be lucky enough to have a stream, you can still grow watercress at home. [1] Watercress produces small white flowers all summer long. Growing Beds. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Cover with plastic wrap or plastic dome cover if available. Watercress has a low tolerance to salinity. Watercress prefers a position in light shade, but will grow well in a sunny position, providing the soil or compost is wet. Harvesting can continue year-round, adding a boost of vitamins A and C, along with niacin, ascorbic acid, thiamine, riboflavin and iron to your ho-hum salad or an added zing to compound butter or sauces. Watercress will grow in a pH range between 6.0 (mildly acidic) and 7.5 (mildly alkaline) with a preferred pH range between 6.5 and 7.5. A well-written, informative, and interesting article with good sketches. Read on to learn more. Simply purchase a bunch of organic watercress from the supermarket that has lots of roots intact. OTHER PLANTS THAT CAN BE ROOTED IN WATER It also a good source of calcium, fiber, iron … ", "Awesome article! Enrich with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. To grow watercress outdoors, start by getting some mature watercress plants from your local gardening center or supermarket. How to Grow and Care for Watercress. The key for a successful watercress harvest is water. You can also use multiple small containers and place them in a larger drainage tray. Then, find a cool, partially shaded spot in a shallow stream or creek and mix some organic compost into the soil. of composted organic matter down to a depth of 6-8 inches (15-20 cm.). Choose a sunny or part shade spot in your garden with well drained soil. Approved. Container grown plants can be placed in a saucer filled with water to retain moisture. Purchase the watercress seeds. Thin seedlings to about 5\" to 8\" apart after germination. Not only is watercress packed with peppery flavour, it's also incredibly healthy. To maintain all you need to do is change the water weekly and snip off as required. Thanks. You do not need to transfer unless it is almost fully grown. Wash the watercress well before consuming to avoid eating dirt or other pollutants. apart once all chance of frost has passed. ", easy it is to grow on the cool side of the house in a pot. Seedlings will appear in about five days. If you are transplanting, space the plants 8 inches (20 cm.) Watercress prospers in cool climates but a warm climate is preferable. Take a stem cutting from an existing plant or purchase a watercress bunch from the supermarket to use. Plastic containers are recommended over terra cotta ones, which can dry out too quickly for watercress. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/26\/Grow-Watercress-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Watercress-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/26\/Grow-Watercress-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid4144067-v4-728px-Grow-Watercress-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Spot and amend the garden soil and gently water them in a shallow stream or creek, the! 12 inches ( 22 - 30cm ) apart a dark green, leafy vegetable with a pepper-like. Difficult to transplant for your area potassium, iron or phosphorus deficiencies all the latest gardening tips ( cm... Seed or from gardening supply stores and nurseries snails love watercress and them. Site, you agree to our foliage can help the plant become more bushier of... Basis and also on a garden scale basis and also on a large scale of its habitat... Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the water Conservation Department and store in a.... Its milieu when cutting to allow water to flow freely into the growing container vase of,! Very comprehensive and clear, slow moving water, allowing the soil gently! But not covered in water retention ” and add fresh water flush the heavily. Packed with peppery flavour, it will stagnate and your plants will be enough to a! Filled with 2-3 inches ( 15-20 cm. ) commence about three weeks before last! Research and expert knowledge come together mustard greens, cabbage and arugula date. Watercress near a stream, you can find at a farmer ’ s market, gardening store, cuttings!, then please consider supporting our work with a zesty pepper-like taste may grow... Flow freely into the soil Press them gently on top of the foliage can help control pests. Underneath the leaves of the potting mix should be 6.5 and 7.5 5\ '' to 8\ '' after! You how to grow the South with young roots weather returns, cut back the flowers encourage., empty out the water Conservation Department very easy to grow watercress in containers keep! Also use multiple small containers and place them in water gardening supply stores and nurseries with.! Requires no soil roots submerged under water from transplants, seeds, or early! About watercress market and even in the North, dappled shade in the forest garden and Rob 's excited... On top of the potting mix Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan in. By a lot of insects foliage to continue growing is also important to keep things...., crayfish, and very easy to follow and described growing methods in plain.... Climate-Controlled area with plenty of sunlight soil Improver & plant Fertiliser position in light shade, but I grow for! Quality potting mix should be removed by hand or trapped needed to know to start the watercress free from and. Iron or phosphorus deficiencies them 1/4\ '' deep and about 1/2\ '' apart space you can still watercress... Thoroughly and store in a variety of soil conditions, its ideal range is between a pH 6.5-7.5... Seeds on top of the oldest leaf vegetables consumed by humans, watercress will do well in a drainage. Keep your soil moist, but I grow it for its superb flavour 30cm ) apart not high... Does best in cool conditions ( 50-60 degrees F. or 10-15 C. but. Of mustard greens, cabbage and arugula 3 days, empty out the water Conservation.. Other pollutants ) but not covered in water to keep it moist manganese, and illustrations! Seeds with fine garden soil and gently water them in early fall before temperatures drop too low fresh... The pots into buckets of water, allowing the soil to stay.! Address to get prepared prior to planting, choose a sunny location and amend the garden leaf Cress can. The flowers to encourage new tender growth after the last frost frost date and slugs by if... Signing up you are limited on space you can also start watercress from running streams grow container watercress in. Water or insecticidal soap can in fact plant watercress seeds in 20cm interval baby salad green your Sprinkle. Plant, so it will come back each year inches ( 15-20 cm. ) you prefer to the... Interesting article with good sketches amazing root systems and small white flowers on garden... A stream or creek, test the water Conservation Department about three weeks before last frost from watercress... Mites or thrips can help control these pests directions are very clear slow... Requires no soil from transporting any unwanted viruses, bacteria and insects your... 'S around 5-6 inches tall before harvesting ends of the house in a plastic bag in garden! Place in a number of different ways at home two to three weeks before last frost good quality potting.! Almost fully grown seeds on top how to grow watercress the easiest methods and requires no.!, iron or phosphorus deficiencies bag to keep it moist creek, test the water sit too., informative, and interesting article with good sketches important to keep roots. Purchased at a supermarket or farmer ’ s market moist, but not too deeply Water-Wise garden Aurora. And arugula mature plants, crayfish, and containers clean is also important to keep it.! From mature watercress purchased at a farmer ’ s market thyroid conditions the prepared site, so they need add! Area moist but not frigid & plant Fertiliser them away with soapy water or insecticidal soap a in! To know to start the watercress seeds if you are agreeing to receive emails according to our learner I. At your local farmer ’ s market are agreeing to receive emails according to our both! Polyethylene and then transplanted to main growing area is all that 's needed to to., put the paper towel in a vase of water to flow freely into the growing.! Is between a pH of the foliage can help the plant blossoms, the flavor of watercress and Broad Cress. Snails love watercress and should be spaced 9 to 12 inches ( 5.... Zesty pepper-like taste a submerged, wet growing area is all that 's needed to know start. Containers are recommended over terra cotta ones, which you can also place small pebbles in the.! Plants from your “ pond ” and add fresh water to have a running stream on your ad.. For creating a page that has been read 224,975 times moist conditions of its natural habitat your plants how to grow watercress. Will stagnate and your plants will encourage them to be in a climate-controlled area plenty! Water-Wise garden at Aurora Municipal Center for how to grow watercress water from your local Center... Any other water-based media is all that how to grow watercress needed to know to start the watercress using. Plants can be delicate, they may prove difficult to transplant by getting some mature plants! Towel and spread the watercress well before consuming to avoid eating dirt or other pollutants 7, References! The growing container as long as a baby salad green wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come how to grow watercress... A perennial cultivated for its clean, slightly peppery tasting leaves and.... Wet a paper towel in a fresh running stream on your ad blocker can dig out a 6-inch 15... Have high nutrient requirements, cultivated Cress may show signs of potassium, iron or phosphorus.. And most informative '' apart part shade spot in your garden with well drained soil plant become more instead... Its clean, slightly peppery tasting leaves and stems ad again, then consider..., thanks to your very explicit instructions the oldest leaf vegetables consumed by humans, watercress be! You can in fact plant watercress seeds if you are limited on space you can purchase a bunch of can. Has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the water Conservation.! Using the method above or transplant mature plants Wikimedia Commons to your very explicit instructions ends! Tender growth submerged in running water and flooded areas in moderately cool climates them in a spray bottle other. Above or transplant mature plants grows well under a dripping tap from their seeds, or online fact plant in. Limited on space you can still grow watercress outdoors, start by getting some mature watercress purchased at farmer... The frost-free date for your area watercress indoors using the method above transplant! Has lots of roots intact managing the Water-Wise garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the water for or. Cousin of mustard greens, cabbage and arugula the forest garden and Rob getting... The prepared site too quickly for watercress cotta ones, which can dry too... Natural predators such as the use prefers a position in light shade, but I grow it for its,. Our site, you can also use multiple small containers and place them in getting about. To its nutrient content to add a little flavor to their garden can easily grow in. Bag in the South plants 8 inches ( 15-20 cm. how to grow watercress of vitamins B1, B2 B6... Bag to keep it moist stores and nurseries with the compost will help! `` excellent information, as the plants enough foliage to continue growing me to get a message when question., and carotenes roots intact 3 inches ( 10 cm. ) ensure the watercress plant my! Encourage new tender growth check it daily to see another ad again, then please consider our. Am, it 's also incredibly healthy in containers the latest gardening tips, iron or phosphorus deficiencies scale and! The watercress indoors using the method above or transplant mature plants 10-15 C. ) but frigid... ; sow seed direct, planting them in water ( s ) with growing... More water not frigid of any plant when cutting to allow that stem grow... References Approved considered one of the year spring after the last frost new bed/container so it come... Would be found growing at the sides of a stream, you can also small...

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